Presentation (click here to access PDF) / Video (click here to access video)
Smart cities are one of the key areas in which innovation will make a significant contribution to implementing system transformation towards sustainability. Smart cites are based on advanced systems of hardware and software for mutual exchanges of energy and information between supply and demand sides. They require effective integration of a variety of science and technological knowledge through collaborating with various stakeholders in academia, industry, and the public sector. Therefore, innovation systems of smart cities exhibit a significant degree of diversity in knowledge, actors, and institutions. We examine the innovation system of smart cities in Japan and its implications for system transformation towards sustainability. Bibliometric analysis of scientific and project documents in Japan reveal that knowledge domains basically concern renewable energy, energy storage, community energy management, and applications for home appliances and electric vehicles. Network analysis of actors suggests a concentrated structure dominated by large actors, particularly government organizations and electric and electronic companies. Policies and regulations influencing the innovation system for system transformation include economic incentives to promote new technologies, liberalization of markets for new entrants, iterated processes of road-mapping on key technologies, localization of demonstration projects reflecting specificities, standard setting for component technologies, and platform creation for stakeholder partnerships including academia, industry, government, and end users.
About Dr. Masaru Yarime
Dr. Masaru Yarime worked at the National Institute of Science and Technology Policy (NISTEP) of the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, the Graduate School of Public Policy (GraSPP) at the University of Tokyo. He has appointments as Honorary Reader in the Department of Science, Technology, Engineering and Public Policy (STEaPP) of University College London in the United Kingdom and Visiting Scholar of the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) Research Institute. He was awarded Abe Fellow 2014 by the Social Science Research Council (SSRC) of the United States.
His research interests center around examining public policy, corporate strategy, and institutional design on science, technology, and innovation for energy, environment, and sustainability. For the past years he has been engaged in research, educational, and societal activities from interdisciplinary perspectives, with an aim to understand the complex interfaces among natural sciences, engineering and social sciences and the dynamic interactions between technology and institutions in creating sustainability innovation. He is particularly interested in exploring the structure, functions, and evolution of innovation systems involving various types of knowledge, actors, and institutions in society. He has been involved in numerous projects through cooperation and collaboration with key stakeholders in academia, industry, government, and civil society in industrialized as well as developing countries.